Andhra Pradesh Power Generation Corporation Limited

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Syllabus for APGENCO Jobs

JPA Exam Pattern:

APGENCO Junior Plant Attendant (JPA) 2011 Selection Procedure:
APGENCO JPA Selection Procedure comprising of Total 100 Marks.
A. Criteria for preliminary evaluation: 50 Marks
(i) 30 Marks will be allocated against marks obtained in the qualifying examination of ITI [Marks Secured in ITI X 30/Total Marks in ITI].
(ii) Weightage up to Marks will be given for having passed the qualifying examination of ITI before the date of notification @ 2 Marks for each completed year of passing. Fraction of months will be ignored.
(iii) Service Weightage to contract labour worked in Power Generating Stations of APGENCO:

• Service for more than 6 months…. 10 Marks
• Service for less than 6 months …   5 Marks

B. APGENCO JPA Written Test 25 Marks:
Based on the marks secured as per the criteria mentioned in “A” above, a combined merit list of all trades shall be drawn and the candidates in the ratio of 1:20 will be called for “APGENCO JPA Written Test” duly following the rule of reservation. Any candidate carrying equal marks under 1:20 ratio shall also be called for the said written test.
The APGENCO JPA exam paper comprising of 25 marks consisting of 50 multiple choice questions and each question carrying “half” mark on Power Plant Related Topics of Thermal and Hydel Generating Stations with common paper in Telugu and English.

Syllabus (for Junior Plant Attendants)
1. Thermal Power Stations:
Basic Details
Layout and Equipment
(a) Boiler
Economiser-Super Heater
Air Pre-Heater
PA Fan, FD Fan, ID Fan
(b) Turbine
FW Heaters
(c) Water Treatment
(d) Electrostatic Precipitator (ESP)
(e) Coal Plant
(f) Ash Plant (for Junior Plant Attendants)
1. Hydel Power Stations:
Basic Details
Layout and Equipment
(a) Trash rack
(b) Surge tank
(c) Pen Stock
(d) Turbine
(e) Generator
(f) Transformer
(g) Switch Yard
2. Symbols of various tools and tackles and their use.
3. Safety, fire prevention and house keeping procedures.
4. Precautions to be exercised while attending the following works
(a) Welding
(b) Grinding
(c) Cutting
(d) Filling
(e) Electrician job work
(f) Turning etc.

Syllabus for Sub Engineers:

(For Sub-Engineer/Electrical)
1. Elements of Electrical Engineering:
a. Comprehend basic principles of electricity
b. Know the magnetic effects of electric current.
c. Understand electromagnetic induction
d. Understand electric charge and electrostatic field
2. Electrical circuits:
a. Understand Kirchoffs laws and star delta Transformations and Network Theorems.
b. Comprehend the relationship between quantities connected with alternating
c. Comprehend the single phase A.C. Circuits
d. Poly Phase Circuits.
3. D.C.Machines:
a. Fundamentals of D.C. Generators
b. Armature Reaction and Characteristics of D.C. Generator
c. Fundamentals of D.C. Motors
d. Speed Control and Starters of D.C.Motors
e. Characteristics and Testing of D.C.Motors
4. Electrical Measuring Instruments & Batteries:
a. Know the Classification of different measuring instruments.
b. Understand the construction and working of different electrical measuring instruments
c. Understand the method of measurement of resistance.
d. Transducers and sensors
e. Understand Batteries
5. A.C.Machines:
a. Understand the working of Single Phase Transformers
b. To understand Three Phase Transformers.
c. Know the classification, construction, working and testing of alternators
d. Comprehend the procedure for voltage control and synchronization.
e. Comprehend the working of synchronous motors
f. Comprehend the working of three phase induction motor
g. Comprehend the working of single phase induction motor
h. Comprehend the working of single phase commutator motor
6. Power Systems:
a. understand the various sources of Power Generation
b. understand working of Thermal Power station
c. understand hydroelectric power station
d. understand the working of Nuclear & Gas Power stations
e. Comprehend combined operation and economics of power stations.
f. Comprehend the need for transmission and choice of supply system
g. Line structure for transmission and distribution
h. Underground cables.
i. Understand different types of switchgear, fuses and reactors and their working
j. Protective relays
k. Protection of alternators, transformer and transmission line.
l. Lighting arrestors and neutral grouding
7. Electronics:
a. passive components (Resistors, Capacitors and Inductors)
b. Know the semi-conductor Devices.
c. Understand the working principle of Power supply circuits
d. Understand the performance of special devices.
e. Understand the principle of working of Amplifiers.
f. Understand the principle of working of Small Signal Amplifiers.
g. Understand the principle of Oscillators
h. Appreciate the need for Modulation and Demodulation
i. Electronic instruments and industrial applications
j. Know the basics of ICs
k. Know the basics of digital electronics
l. Understand the working of combination logic circuits
m. Understand the working of sequential logic circuits
n. Understand working of registers and memories
8. Electrical Utilization and traction:
a. understand the principles of lightings
b. understand principle of electric heating, welding and its industrial application
c. electric traction systems
9. General Mechanical Engineering:
a. I.C. Engines, Boilers, Turbines
b. Understand the working of the centrifugal pumps
10. Information Technology:
a. understand the features of MS-word
b. understand working of MS-Excel
c. Understand MS-Power Point
d. Understand working with MS-Access
11. Industrial Management and Entrepreneurship:
a. understand the principles of management as applied to industry
b. Know the organization structure of an industry and the behavior of an
individual in an organization.
c. Understand the different aspects of production management
d. Understand the role of material management industries.
e. Understand marketing, sales and feasibility study.
f. Comprehend the provisions of industrial legislation in India and safety
g. Understand ISO 9000 and TQM
h. Understand the role of entrepreneur in economic development and in
improving the quality of life.

Syllabus (for Sub-Engineer/Mechanical)

1. Electrical Engineering & Basic Electronics:
a. comprehend basic Electrical Fundamentals
b. Understand D.C.Machines
c. Understand A.C. Fundamentals and A.C. Machines
d. Understand storage batteries
e. Understand the principles of semi-conductor devices
f. Understand electrical measuring instruments and safety procedures
2. Thermal Engineering -I:
a. understand the Fundamentals and Laws of Thermodynamics
b. understand the laws of perfect gases
c. understand Thermodynamic Processes on gases
d. know the fuels and Combustion
e. appreciate the study of air standard cycles
f. Comprehend the construction, working and performance of Internal
Combustion engines.
3. Thermal Engineering - II:
a. understand the Properties of Stream
b. understand the working of steam boilers
c. steam Nozzles and Turbines
d. comprehend the construction and working of Air Compressors
e. Understand the working and applications of gas turbines and Jet Propulsion.
f. To appreciate the measuring devices used in instrumentation.
4. Hydraulics & Hydraulic Machinery:
A. Hydraulics:
a. understand the various properties of Fluids
b. understand the behaviour of liquids in motion
c. evaluate frictional losses during flow of liquids through pipe
B. Hydraulic Machines:
a. analyze forces during the impact of jets
b. understand the working of water turbines
c. know the working of pumps.
5. Energy Sources and power plant Engineering:
a. introduction of Renewable Energy Sources
b. solar and wind energy
c. fuel cells and MHD Generator
d. Bio and Tidal Energy
e. Analyse the elements of Thermal and Nuclear Power Plants
f. To understand the impact of pollutants on Environment
6. Industrial Management & Entrepreneurship:
a. understand the principles of management as applied to industry
b. Know the organization structure of an industry and the behavior of an
individual in an organization.
c. Understand the different aspects of production management
d. Understand the role of material management industries.
e. Understand marketing, sales and feasibility study.
f. Comprehend the provisions of industrial legislation in India and safety procedures.
g. Understand ISO 9000 and TQM
h. Understand the role of entrepreneur in economic development and in
improving the quality of life.
7. Estimating and Costing:
a. List out the elements of costing
b. Understand the fundamentals of estimation
c. Estimate the weight of material required for a product and machining times
d. Estimate the fabrication cost
e. Estimate the forging cost
f. Estimate foundry cost
8. Manufacturing Technology -I:
a. Lathe & Lathe Work
b. Illustrate the working of Shaper, Slotter, Planner and Broaching Machine
c. Cutting Fluids, Coolants & Lubricants
d. Metrology
e. Understand the different welding methods and technique
9. Manufacturing Technology -II:
a. milling and Gear Making
b. grinding and finishing processes
c. modern machining processes
d. plastic processing
e. press Tools, Jigs and Fixtures
f. Jig Boring
10. Refrigeration and Air Conditioning:
a. understand the various methods of Refrigeration
b. Understand vapour compression and Vapour absorption in Refrigeration systems.
c. Know the refrigerants, refrigeration Equipment and applications of Refrigeration
d. Understand fundamentals of A/C and A/C equipment
e. Understand psychometry, cooling and heating loads.
f. Appreciate the applications of A/C servicing and maintenance of refrigeration
and A/C equipment.
11. Information Technology:
a. understand the features of MS-word
c. understand working of MS-Excel
d. Understand MS-Power Point
e. Understand working with MS-Access

Syllabus (for Sub-Engineer/Civil)

1. Surveying:

A. Surveying-I:
a. know basic facts about surveying
b. understand the principles of Chain Surveying
c. principle of Compass Surveying
d. Understand the principles of Plane Table Surveying to fill in details of the field.
B. Surveying-II:
a. understand the principles of theodolite surveying preparation of plants
and alignment.
b. understand the principles of Tacheometry to find the elevations and
distances of stations.
c. understand the method of setting out simple curves
d. understand the Electronic Surveying instruments
2. Surveying Practicals II:
a. Performs Theodolite surveying
b. Performs Trigonometric leveling
c. Performs Tachometric Surveying
d. Sets out simple curves in the field
e. To understand the method of setting out of building on the ground
f. Applies principles of Surveying of Land Development
g. Knows the principle of surveying for Land Development
h. Knows the principle of Operation of Electronic Survey Instruments
i. Applies principles of mapping from the field work, potting of the field work
j. Applies knowledge of different methods of surveying in overcoming different
field problems.
3. Quantity Surveying -I:
a. Understands basic concepts of Quantity Surveying, units and specifications
b. Understands different types of estimates and detailed estimates of buildings.
c. Understands the analysis of rates and abstract estimations
d. Computes the volumes of earth work and reservoir capacity
e. Compute the material required for construction of a structure
4. Construction Materials:
a. understands selection of stones and their acceptability for construction work
b. understands the acceptability of bricks for construction work
c. understands suitability of tiles, pipes and building sand for construction
d. to check the quality of cement for construction work
e. understands the principles of preparation of mortars and concrete
f. understands the selection and applications of wood, plastics, Glass and
Asbestos for construction work
5. Construction Practice:
a. knows the classification of Buildings and design of foundation as per NBC
b. Understand the construction of masonry work
c. Understands the types and principles of doors, windows, ventilators and
Lintels, Sunshades.
d. Understands methods of construction and finishes of different types of roofs
and floorings.
e. Understands scaffolding and types of stair cases
f. Protective, decorative finishes and Termite proofing

6. Theory of Structures:
A. Theory of Structures-I:
a. Understands the effect of Loading on Beams
b. Understands Deflection of Beams under loading
c. Understands the effects of Internal pressure on unriveted and riveted thin cylinders
d. Understand the effects of Pure Torsion on solid and hollow Circular
Shafts and closely coiled helical spring under given axial loading
e. Understands the behaviours of columns under vertical loads
B. Theory of Strucres-II:
a. understands the stability of retaining walls and dams under the action
of lateral pressures.
b. Understands the effects of loading on propped, continuous, fixed and
continuous beams.
c. Understands effect of Dead and live loads on statically determinate frames
7. Hydraulics:
a. knows the properties of Fluids
b. understands fluid pressure and its Measurement
c. understands the General principles of flow of the liquids
d. understands the flow through Orifices and mouth pieces
e. Comprehends the flow over different types of notches and weirs.
8. Transportation Engineering:
a. introduction to Highways and Soil machanics
b. understands highway survey and traffic engineering
c. understands highway construction and maintenance
d. understands introduction and permanent way of Railways
e. understands station yard and maintenance of Railways
f. Understands Bridges, Culverts and cause ways.
9. Environmental Studies:
a. Knows the importance of the environmental studies and Natural Resources.
b. Understands ecosystems and Biodiversity and its conservation
c. Know environmental Pollution, Social issues and the environment.
d. Understand Human Population and the Environment
e. Field work
10. Design of RC structures:
a. understand the basic ideas of concrete, reinforcing steel and philosophy of
limit state design
b. Understand the principles of analysis and design of singly reinforced and
doubly reinforced R.C.C. rectangular beams by limit state method.
c. Understand the principles involved in the design of R.C.C. slabs by limit state method.
d. Understand the principles involved in design of lintels, sunshades, T-Beams,
continuous slabs and beams
e. Understand analysis and design of columns, footings and staircases.
11. Information Technology:
a. understand the features of MS-word
b. understand working of MS-Excel
c. Understand MS-Power Point
d. Understand working with MS-Access

Syllabus (for Sub-Engineer/Electronics)
1. Electronic Components and Devices:
Inductors, Transformers, switches, connectors and relays. PN Junction Diode,
BJT configurations, JFET and MOSFETs, Rectifiers and Regulators.
2. Elements of Combinational and sequential logic circuits:
Flip-flops, counters, registers, memories, A/D and D/A converters.
3. Fundamentals of Instrumentation and Transducers:
Accuracy, precision, errors, LVDT, RVDT, Synchros, RTD, Thermistors,
Thermocouples pressure and flow measurement.
4. Basics of DC machines, AC machines and transformers
5. Measuring instrumentation:

Analog Instruments, bridges, DVMS, Q-meter, logic analyzer, signal and
function generators.
6. Process instrumentation:
pH and conductivity measurement,viscosity and density measurements ,
spectrophotometers, gas analyzer, auto analyzer, chromatographs.
7. Power plant instrumentation and unit operation:
Introduction power plant: Unit operation and Unit processes, material balance
and energy balance. Introduction to thermal power plant, significance of
instrumentation in power plant, principle and working and salient features of hydro
electric, nuclear gas turbine plant.
Processes in Thermal Power plant: evaporation: distillation: leaching and extraction:
gas absorption: humidification and dehumidification adsorption: drying: size reduction:
crystallization: mixers.
Boiler instrumentation and control: measurements and control loops, drum level
control, fuel flow control, furnace draft and excess air control, combustion control,
steam pressure control, boiler safety interlocks.
Turbine monitoring and control: turbine, supervisory system for monitoring of
mechanical parameters speed, vibration, eccentricity, axial shift, shell temperature
monitoring, lube oil temperature control, turbine trip condition.
Instrumentation and control of alternator, steam heaters, pumps and compressors,
Auxiliaries in power plants: soot blowers, electrostatic precipitator, oil automation
system, water treatment plant, cooling towers.
8. Power Electronics:
SCR, Triac, UJT, Single and three phase converters, inverters, cycloconverters, SMPS and UPS.

Syllabus on power plant related topics for Sub-Engineers (except Sub-Engineer/Civil)
A. Thermal Power Stations - Process
1. Boiler a. Boiler construction
b. Pressure Parts
c. Fans - types
d. Mills - types
e. Air Preheaters
f. Fuels - Supply Systems
g. Firing and Arrangements in power House
h. ESP - Construction - Operation - Details
i. Safety Valves and their importance
2. Turbine a. Turbines - Parts - Details
b. CWPs, Cooling Towers, Condenser Cooling and
Vacuum System - Details
c. LP Heaters, DA, CEPs and Condensate system
d. BFPs, HP heaters and feed water system
e. PRDS, HFO and Light oil systems
3. Generator a. Electrical Power - Energy - Voltage - Current - Explanation.
b. Turbo - Generator construction - details
c. Excitatiom systems
d. Transformers - working - cooling systems - types
4. Protection Protection of Generators, Generator Transformers
etc., circuit breakers.
5. Economic aspects Generation Costs and their classification, PLF, Plant
base load and Peak load operation and optimul
operation of thermal and Hydel stations.
6. switch-yard Switch - yard -Equipment - Details
7. Electrical circuits: Storage batteries, classification of cells, construction
chemical action of cells, lead acid, NI - Cadmium
Cells, VRLA batteries (maintenance free batteries)
concept of trickle charging and boost charging.
8. Electrical measuring instruments:
a. measurement of voltage current, power, energy etc.
b. principles of measurement of pressure, flow, level, diff pressure, temperature
(thermocouple, RTD) etc.
c. Principle of measurement of PH, conductivity, oxygen using Zircona principle.
9. AHP Ash handling plant - Equipment - Functions
10. CHP Coal handling plant - Equipment - Functions
11. WTP Water treatment plant - Flow Charts/Diagrams
B. Hydel Power Stations - Process
1. Functions of various Equipment of Hydel Power Stations
2. Layout of equipment in Hydel Power Stations
3. Symbols of various tools and Tackles, Fasteners and their functions.
4. General knowledge about various works, abbreviations pertaining to Hydel
power stations.
5. Various Equipment of Hydel Power Stations.
6. Types of turbines.
7. Penstock.
8. Surge Tank.
9. Turbine.
10. Governing system
11. Trash rack
12. Generator - Construction details - Function.
13. Electrical Energy, Power, Voltage, Current - Definition.
14. Transformers - Details and Functions.
15. Switch-yard - Important Equipment - Functions
16. Electrical circuits: Storage batteries, classification of cells, construction
chemical action of cells, lead acid, NI - Cadmium
Cells, VRLA batteries (maintenance free batteries)
concept of trickle charging and boost charging.
17. Electrical measuring instruments:
a. measurement of voltage current, power, energy etc.
b. principles of measurement of pressure, flow, level, diff pressure, temperature
(thermocouple, RTD) etc.
1. Industrial Electronics
To understand PLC and programming - logic with relays, PLC ladder logic,
timers, counters, input output modules, digital, analog I/O s.logic functions -
OR, AND, EX-OR etc.
2. BASIC communication Engineering
a. Understanding the work of power line carrier communication (PLCC)
b. Understanding the principle of working of EPABX
3. Understand the distributed control system DCS.
1. FPS - Fire protection Systems - Types - Functions
2. Fire accidents - Fire accidents and preventive measures
3. Safety aspects - Safety of personnel and equipment - Safety
measures and precautions.
4. House keeping - House keeping and its importance.

Thermal/Hydel plants related syllabus for Sub-Engineer (Civil)
1 Reservoirs - Inflows, Outflows, live storage capacity, gross
storage capacity, FRL, MDL Water spread,
catchment area, annual rainfall.
2 Dams - Masonry dam, Earthen Dam, Gravity Dam,
Height of Dam, Crest level, Arch dam, Max
flood discharge, Crest gates.
3 Penstocks - Head, Pipe diameter, Plate thickness, Valves
(Butterfly valves).
4 Survey - North, South, Latitude, Longitude, Reduced
levels, marking of buildings etc.
5 Power House - Types of Turbines, PH Crane, Turbo
generator, Boiler, Electro Static Precipitators,
LP turbines, HP turbine, Coal pulverization mills etc.
6 Gates - Stop log gate, regulator sluice, Crest gates,
butterfly valves, D.T. gates, radial gates.
7 Canals - Carrying capacity, bed slopes, side slopes,
variation of velocity w.r.t height, trash rack.
8 Makeup Water Reservoirs - Capacity, raw water pipelines.
9 Water Treatment Clarifiers - Alumn dozing, chlorination, filtration, DM plants.
10 Marshalling yard - Rails, sleepers, points and crossings, ballast, keys etc.
11 Coal Plant - Conveyor, Wagon tippler, crushers etc.
12 Ash Ponds - Earthen embankment, decanting wells, spillways.
13 Chimney, cooling towers - Deashing, Acid and Fire Resistant Bricks &
mortar, desilting, troughs, flashcups.
14 Roads, Buildings, Maintenance.
- Storm water drains, Maintenance, drinking
water supply, Roof leakages, painting, drainage, sanitary.
15 Construction of Plant - Earth work excavating PCC, raft, bearing
capacity of soils, piles, backfilling, plinth
beams, Design mix, Bridges, strength of
concrete, steel, bricks, st. steel etc.
16 Safety - CO2 cylinders, application of foam,
firefighting lines, burning of dry Jungle, GIS, EPF, etc.
17 Stores Materials - Storage of cement, Steel.
18 Carpentry material - Carpentry material, their usage.
19 FPS Fire protection Systems - Types - Functions
20 Fire accidents Fire accidents and preventive measures
21 Safety aspects Safety of personnel and equipment - Safety
measures and precautions.
22 House keeping House keeping and its importance.

Syllabus for Assistant Engineers:

(for Electrical Branch/AE)
1. Electrical Circuits and Networks: Kirchoffís laws, mesh and node analysis, network theorems, sinusoidal steady state
analysis of single phase and three phase circuits, resonance, transient response of RL, RC,RLC circuits for different inputs, to-port networks, Two element network synthesis.
2. Control Systems: Modeling of physical systems, Block diagrams and signal flow graphs, Time and
frequency domain analysis, Steady state errors, Routhís criterion, Nyquist and Bode plots, compensation, root loci, elementary ideas of state variable analysis, control systems
3. Measurements and Instrumentation: SI units, measurement of current, voltage, power, power-factor and energy. Measurement of resistance, inductance capacitance and frequency-bridge methods,
transducers and their applications to the measurement of non-electrical quantities like
temperature, pressure, strain, displacement etc., cathode ray oscilloscope.
4. Analog and Digital Electronics: Characteristics of diodes, BJT, FET,SCR, Amplifier biasing, equivalent circuits,
frequency response, feedback amplifiers, power amplifiers, oscillators, operational amplifiers and applications, wave shaping circuits, multi-vibrators, flip-flops, universal gate
combinational circuits, A/D and D/A converters.
5. Electrical Machines and power Electronic Drives: Single phase transformer, equivalent circuit, tests, regulation and efficiency, three
phase transformer connections parallel operation, auto transformer, principle of energy
conversion, winding of rotating machines, DC generators and motors, characteristics, starting and speed control, three phase induction motors performance characteristics, starting and speed control, single phase induction motors, synchronous generators, performance, regulation, parallel operation, synchronous motors, starting characteristics and applications, synchronous condensers, fractional horse power motors, permanent magnet and stepper motors, Characteristics of Power Electronic devices, phase control, bridge converters, choppers and inverters, basic concepts of adjustable speed drives.
6. Power Systems: Electrical power generation thermal, hydro, nuclear : transmission line parameters; steady state performance of overhead transmission lines and cables, surge propagation, distribution systems, insulators, bundle conductors, corona, and radio interference effects; per-unit quantities: bus admittance and impedance matrices: load flow: voltage control and
power factor correction; economic operation, symmetrical components, analysis of symmetrical and unsymmetrical faults; principles of over current, differential and distance
protections, circuit breaker, concept of system stability, swing curves and equal area criterion

(for Mechanical branch/AE)
1. Strength of Materials:
Simple stresses and strains Hookeís law, elastic constants, stress strain curve of mild steel bars of uniform strength, compound bars, temperature stresses, stresses on
oblique planes ñ principal stresses and strains, Mohrís stress circle, shear force and
bending moment diagrams for beams, bending and shear stresses in beams, deflections of beams, columns and struts, strain energy, torsion of circular shafts and
2. Fluid Mechanics and Machinery: Basic fluid properties, fluid static ñ pressure measurements, buoyancy and
flotation, fluid kinematics, fluid dynamics ñ Eulerís Bernoulliís and Impulse momentum
equations, laminar and turbulent flows, flow through pipes and losses in pipes, bends, boundary layer theory, compressible fluid flow, impact of jets, Hydraulic turbines and
pumps, Ram, Accumulator and intensifier.
3. Material science and metallurgy: Structure and properties of engineering materials, bonding in solids,
imperfections in crystals and metals, structure of alloys, manufacture of iron and steel, heat treatment, alloy steels, principles of powder metallurgy.
4. Theory of Machines: Displacement, velocity and acceleration analysis of plane mechanisms, dynamic analysis of slider ñ crank mechanism, gear trains, flywheels.
5. Vibrations: Free and forced vibrations, effect of damping, resonance, vibration isolation, critical speeds of shafts.
6. Design of Machine elements: Design for static and dynamic loading failure theories, fatigue strength, S-N
diagram, design of joints, shafts, bearings, gears, brakes, clutches, screws, springs, cranks, piston, gyroscopes, balancing and governors.
7. Heat Transfer: Various modes of heat transfer, fins, heat exchangers, LMTD & NTU methods, unsteady state heat conduction, dimensionless parameters, free and forced convective
heat transfer, thermal boundary layer, heat transfer in flow-over flat plates and through
pipes, effect of turbulence, radiative heat transfer, shape factors, network analysis, condensation and boiling.
8. Thermodynamics: Zeroth, first and second laws of thermodynamics, thermodynamics systems and
processes, Carnot cycle, Air-standard cycles, irreversibility and availability, propertiesof pure substances, psychometry, Refrigeration and Air conditioning, working
principles and their applications.
9. Applied Thermodynamics:
classification of compressors and its working principles, Classification of I.C. Engines and its working principles, performances, Design considerations of combustion
chambers for C.I. & S.L Engines, knocking, rating of fuels, lubrications, Ignition
10. Turbo Machines: Working principles of gas turbines, steam turbines, Rankineís cycle. Modified Rankineís cycle, jet propulsion and nozzles.
11. Metal cutting and machine tools: Mechanics of machining, single and multi point cutting tools, tool geometry , tool
life wear, cutting force analysis, micro finishing machines ñ EDM, ECM and USM, NC machines, jigs and fixtures. Standards of measurements, limits, fits, tolerances, linear and angular measurements, comparators, lathes, drilling, shaping, planning, milling, gear cutting. Broaching and grinding machines.
12. Foundry, Welding and Forging: Design of patterns moulds and cores, solidification, design consideration of
runner, riser and gate. Physics of welding, types of welding and their principles, brazing, soldering, adhesive bonding, Fundamental of hot and cold working processes,
forging, rolling, extrusion, drawing, shearing and bending.
13. Production and operation management:
Plant layout, material handling, production planning and control, materials, management and work studies, inspections, quality control, cost analysis, operation
research, basic concepts of CAD/CAM, inventory control.

(for Electronics branch/AE)
1. Basics of Circuits and Measurement Systems:
Kirchoffís laws, mesh and nodal Analysis, Circuit theorems. One-port and two- port Network Function. Static and dynamic characteristics of Measurement Systems. Error and uncertainty analysis. Statistical analysis of data and curve fitting.
2. Transducers, Mechanical Measurement and Industrial Instrumentation:
Resistive, Capacitive, Inductive and piezoelectric transducers and their signal conditioning. Measurement of displacement, velocity and acceleration (translational and rotational), force, torque, vibration and shock. Measurement of pressure, flow,
temperature and liquid level. Measurement of pH, conductivity, viscosity and humidity.
3. Analog Electronics:
Characteristics of diode, BJT, JFET and MOSFET. Diode circuits. Transistors at low and high frequencies, Amplifiers, single and multi-stage. Feedback amplifiers. Operational amplifiers, characteristics and circuit configurations, Instrumentation
amplifier. Precision rectifier. V-to-I and I-to-V converter. Op-Amp based active filters. Oscillators and signal generators.
4. Digital Electronics:
Combinational logic circuits, minimization of Boolean functions. IC families, TTL, MOS and CMOS. Arithmetic circuits, Comparators, Schmitt trigger, timers and mono-stable multi vibrator. Sequential circuits, flip-flops, counters , shift registers, Multiplexer, S/H circuit, Analog-to-Digital and Digital-to-Analog converters. Basics of number system. Microprocessor applications, memory and input-output interfacing. Microcontrollers.
5. Signals, Systems and Communications:
Periodic and aperiodic signals. Impulse response, transfer function and
frequency response of first and second order systems. Convolution, correlation and
characteristics of linear time invariant systems. Discrete time system, impulse and
frequency response. Pulse transfer function. IIR and FIR filters. Amplitude and
frequency modulation and demodulation. Sampling theorem, pulse code modulation. Frequency and time division multiplexing. Amplitude shift keying, frequency shift keying and pulse shift keying for digital modulation.
6. Electrical and Electronic Measurements:
Bridges and potentiometers, measurement of R, L and C. Measurements of voltage, current, power, power factor and energy. A.C & D.C current probes. Extension of instrument ranges. Q-meter and waveform analyzer. Digital voltmeter and multi-meter. Time, phase and frequency measurements. Cathode ray oscilloscope. Serial and parallel communication. Shielding and grounding.7. Control Systems and Process Control:
Feedback principles. Signal flow graphs. Transient Response, steady-state- errors. Routh and Nyquist criteria. Bode plot, root loci. Time delay systems. Phase
and gain margin. State space representation of systems. Mechanical, hydraulic and
pneumatic system components. Synchro pair, servo and step motors. On-off, cascade, P, P-I, P-I-D, feed forward and derivative controller, Fuzzy controllers.
8. Analytical, Optical Instrumentation: Mass spectrometry, UV, visible and IR spectrometry, X-ray and nuclear radiation measurements. Optical sources and detectors, LED, laser, Photo-diode, photo-resistor and their characteristics. Interferometers, applications in metrology. Basics of fiber optics.

(for Civill branch/AE)
1. Strength of materials and theory of structures:
Simple stresses and strains, Hookeís Law, elastic constants, stress strain curve of mild steel stresses on oblique planes ñ Principal stresses and strains, Mohrís stress circle,
temperature stresses, compound bars, shear force and bending moment diagrams for beams, bending and shear stresses in beams, strain energy principles, torsion of circular shafts ñ Pure torsion and combined with bending and thrust, deflections of simple beams,
thin and thick cylinders, columns and struts, direct and bending stresses, trusses, propped
cantilevers and fixed beams, arches, cables and suspension bridges; moving loads and
influence lines; static and kinematic indeterminacies, Continuous beams and portal frames- movement distribution, Kaniís and matrix methods. Unsymmetrical Bending and shear Centre.
2. Reinforced Concrete: Materials ñ properties, grades and tests, workability and mix design of concrete ñ
basic concepts of working stress and limit state methods of design ñ Limit state design of beams, slabs, columns, footings. Circular and flat slabs, water tanks, bridges ñ IRC
specifications and loadings, Slabs and T ñ beam bridges, retaining walls, Pre-stressed
concrete ñ basic concepts, losses and analysis and design of beams including end block.
3. Steel structure: Rivetted and welded joints, Connections ñ eccentric and framed, simple and
compound beams, tension and compression members, plate and gantry girders, roof
trusses, plate girder and truss bridges, water tanks, roof trusses, tubular sections and
design, transmission towers, column bases, plastic analysis, basic principles, theorems, methods of analysis, analysis and design of determinate and indeterminate beams and
4. Geo-Technical Engineering: Origin and classification of soils, three phase system, basic definitions and relations, effective stress. Permeability, capillarity and seepage of soils, flownets, flow through
earthen dams, compressibility, consolidation and compaction of soils, shear strength, stability of slopes, earth pressures and retaining walls, stress distribution in soils, settlement analysis, subsurface exploration and site investigations, bearing capacity of soils, shallow and deep foundations, pile foundations.
5. Other Topics: Elements of surveying ñ Chain, plane table, compass and theodolite, leveling, building materials and construction, formwork, CPM and PERT.
6. Fluid Mechanics and Machinery:
Properties of fluids, pressure measurement fluid statics, buoyancy and flotation,
fluid kinematics and fluid dynamics, orifices and mouthpieces, notches and weirs, laminar and turbulent flows, flow through pipes, forces on immersed bodies, flow in open channels,
impact of jets, Hydraulic turbines and pumps, dams, power houses, hydrology and hydro power plants.

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